Invitro Fertilisation (IVF)
IVF refers to the fertilisation of eggs with sperm in the laboratory. The ovary is stimulated by using daily medication followed by a procedure to extract eggs from the ovary. The eggs are then cultured in a perfect environment and surrounded by a large concentration of healthy sperm to maximise the chance of successful fertilisation. The resulting embryos are monitored, and healthy embryos are frozen on day 5 via and before one is transferred to the uterus at a later date in a procedure known as an embryo transfer. Excess embryos are kept frozen for use in subsequent cycles or for subsequent pregnancies.
Other treatments may also be included when required and include pre-implantation genetic screening (PGS) or diagnosis (PGD), surrogacy or the use of donor services (eggs or sperm). This treatment involves the services of an accredited fertility laboratory and the assistance of a team of nurses, scientists and doctors.
Intra-Cytoplasmic Sperm Injection (ICSI)
Intra-cytoplasmic sperm injection refers to the technique of sperm injection into an egg to assist with conception. This is performed by an experienced scientist and takes place in the laboratory.
There are several reasons for doing this process however the most common is a low sperm count or poor sperm motility or shape. Some conditions affecting men’s fertility can be effectively treated without the need for these techniques, however a proper assessment is required.
– Donor eggs, sperm and embryos